More than fifteen percent of American adults suffer from chronic facial pain. Most commonly affected are women of childbearing age. Some common symptoms include pain in and around the ear, tenderness of the jaw, clicking or popping noises or grinding when opening the mouth, ringing in the ears, earache without an infection, or even headaches and neck aches and shoulder pain.
Getting the proper treatment for your pain may be very frustrating because diagnosing the source of your pain can be a bit of a mystery. The pain may be the result of an abscessed tooth or impacted wisdom tooth.
Or the symptoms may be the result of an ear infection, sinus infection or a migraine. You may even need to check with your optometrist to be sure your pain is not from eye strain. In many instances, however, these could be symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD).
TMD (also referred to as TMJ) refers to a range of conditions, including acute and chronic inflammation that affects the temporomandibular joint, which connects the mandible (lower jaw) to the skull, and is the point at which the jaw opens and closes.
Many factors can lead to TMD-related problems and symptoms may involve more than one of the numerous TMD components muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments, bones, connective tissue and the teeth. Therefore, treatment of this disorder is usually multifaceted and can transcend the boundaries between several health-care disciplines – dentistry, neurology, physical therapy, and psychology. If it is determined that you have TMD, there are a variety of treatment approaches.
Some of the simple, non-invasive methods of TMJ treatment may include
Reshaping or straightening the teeth
Use of muscle relaxants and anti-inflammatory treatments
Stress management and relaxation techniques to control muscle tension
Use of a mouth guard or NTI device
Application of moist heat to the side of the jaw
Or simply avoiding chewing gum, sticky foods, bagels or hard bread crust
Since TMD related problems can typically result from excess strain on the muscles of the face and jaw joints caused by an improper bite (occlusion), neuromuscular dentistry can be extremely useful in both treating symptoms and addressing the cause.
Any combination of the following neuromuscular and restorative techniques can be used to bring the joints, muscles and teeth into a harmonious relationship to permanently realign the bite replacement of worn-down teeth or crowns on teeth that are excessively worn-down; orthodontics to place teeth that have shifted into proper alignment; reshaping of teeth using T-Scan to detect where teeth are not properly touching.